Cotton Facts

History

  • Cotton has been cultivated and used to make fabrics for at least 7,000 years.
  • Cotton may have existed in Egypt as early as 12,000 B.C.
  • Fragments of cotton fabrics have been found by archeologists in Mexico, India, Peru, and the southwestern United States dating back to 3500 B.C.


Growth Cycle

1 week/Seedling → 2-4 weeks/True Leaves → 5-7 weeks/Square-Bud → 8-10 weeks/Blossom →     

10 weeks/Boll → 18-20 weeks/ Boll Opens → 25 weeks/Harvest → Gin           

 


 

 

 

What is a module?Click to enlarge

  • Once cotton is harvested, it is stored in modules for protection against the weather.
  • A module builder hydraulically compresses the cotton from the picker into a module of cotton which is usually stored in the field or in the gin yard until the cotton is ginned.
  • A module holds about 13 to 15 bales.



Click to enlarge

What is a Bale?

  • At the cotton gin, the cotton fiber is separated from the cottonseed. The cotton fiber is compressed into bales.
  • A bale weighs about 480 pounds.
  • Every year, approximately 8 to 9 million bales are used by U.S. textile industries.

 


One Bale of Cotton can be made into:

• 215 Jeans or
• 249 Bed Sheets or
• 690 Terry Bath Towels or
• 765 Men’s Dress Shirts or
• 1,217 Men’s T-Shirts or
1,256 Pillowcases or
• 2,104 Boxer Shorts or
• 3,085 Diapers or
• 4,321 Mid-calf socks or
• 313,600 $100 Bills



Cotton and U.S. Currency

United States paper currency is made up of 75% cotton and 25% linen.  This means that there is three-fourths of a pound of cotton in each pound of dollar bills.

 

   So how much cotton is made into bills each year?

Denomination Bills Printed Cotton Used(Pounds) Cotton Used(Bales)
$1 4,646,400,000 7,111,837 14,816
$2 102,400,000 156,735 327
$5 896,000,000 1,371,429 2,857
$10 998,400,000 1,528,163 3,184
$20 1,881,600,000 2,880,000 6,000
$50 406,400,000 622,041 1,296
$100 649,600,000 994,286 2,071
Total 9,580,800,000 14,664,490 30,551


Did You Know…

  • Cotton is a fiber, feed and food crop.
  • In the U.S., cotton is regulated as a food crop.
  • Cotton can be grown continuously without hurting the soil.
  • Cotton is produced on over 8,500 farms in Texas.
  • The cotton industry accounts for more than $25 billion in products and services annually.
  • After leaving the farm, cotton is processed and handled by gins, cottonseed mills, warehouses, shipping companies, textile manufacturers, and retailers.
  • The cotton industry in the United States provides jobs for more than 440,000 Americans.
  • The first T-shirts were elbow and hip length undershirts issued to sailors in the U.S. navy in 1880.  The shirt resembled a perfect “T” when laid out on a flat surface… which is how it got its name.

  

Sources: Texas Farm Bureau via txfb.org and cotton.org

 

 

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